Nomads of Outer Mongolia


Outer Mongolia is defined as the landlocked country bordering Russia in the north and China to the south, east and west. 

Fifty percent of Mongolian people are pastoral nomads or semi-nomadic, moving from place to place raising herds, driving them and moving with them to spring, summer, autumn and winter feeding grounds.  They live in felt tents called gers and use horses, camels and motorcycles as vital means of transportation.

The southern third of Mongolia consists of the Gobi Desert with treeless plains and scattered grasslands, and although there is herding activity there, most reside in the rest of the country which is made up of grassy steppe and mountain steppe.  Mongolian nomads define themselves as the “people of the five animals” using the resources of horses, cattle (and yaks), sheep, goats and Bactrian (two humped) camels.  They donate their day to caring for their animals, shearing sheep, combing cashmere goats, making woolen felt and milking horses and cows for cheese and other dairy products. 


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